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Authors should be individuals who have participated in the research study and contributed substantially. Other individuals who contributed to the study but did not satisfy the authorship criteria should be acknowledged in the paper. Please be aware that at least one paper author must attend the conference as the registered author.


Authors should make sure that the paper submitted must not be published before or under the publication process elsewhere. Duplicate and/or redundant publication will result in an instant rejection. Authors have a responsibility to disclose original information of the paper, including contributions of all individuals who made substantial contributions to the study, such as involving in the design of study, data collection or analysis. The use of materials from other resources (including their own published literature) should be clearly cited and quoted, and get the copyright holder's permission where appropriate.

Competing Interest

Authors must present their research findings accurately and objectively, disclose any potential competing interest prior to the submission. Funding resources (sponsors) should be declared in this section as well.

Data Accuracy

Authors should ensure all the data in the study should be accurate. Fabrication, falsification and manipulation of data (including image and tables) are intolerable behaviors and will lead to immediate rejection. As the raw data may be asked during the review process, authors are accountable for providing public access to the requested data in connection with their work. In addition, if fundamental errors or inaccuracy founded after the publication, authors are obliged to notify the conference for correcting or retracting their work.

Human Subjects and Animals in Research

Authors must ensure ethical standards and procedures for research involving human subjects or animals. Authors need to state the research has complied with all relevant policies and laws in their manuscripts.